EVEREADY® Rechargeable® Batteries and Chargers: Frequently Asked Questions

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Yes, NiMH batteries are shipped in a discharged state and need to be charged before use.
Yes, NiMH batteries are shipped in a discharged state and need to be charged before use.
Typically between 3 and 5 years if stored at room temperature. It is recommended that NiMH batteries stored in a charged state. To attain full capacity after extended storage may require a few charge/discharge cycles to obtain maximum performance.
No, non rechargeable batteries cannot be placed in any charger. Charging of non-rechargeable types may cause the batteries to explode or leak.
Energizer® chargers are designed and tested for optimal performance with Eveready® batteries. Therefore, it is recommended to use Eveready® NiMH batteries in Eveready® chargers.
For optimal performance, Energizer® NiMH Rechargeable batteries are designed for use with Eveready®chargers. If the charger is not properly designed, it could cause a loss of performance by the battery being overcharged, undercharging, or overheating.
Every battery chemical system has an open circuit voltage based on their internal active materials (fuel). For example, alkaline batteries have a voltage of approximately 1.5 volts due to the reaction between the anode and cathode materials. The reactions of the anode and cathode materials in NiMH batteries produce approximately 1.2 volts.
Rechargeable batteries can be recycled free of charge at any Rechargeable Battery Recycling location. To learn more, visit www.rbrc.org or call 1-800-8BATTERY.
This is a loss of battery capacity due to partially discharging and recharging repetitively without the benefit of a full discharge. This was evident with early nickel cadmium (NiCd) rechargeable batteries and is not found in nickel metal hydride batteries (NiMH) currently manufactured.
Both types of batteries are rechargeable but NiMH batteries have a higher energy density (ratio of energy to volume). NiMH batteries are also considered more environmentally friendly than NiCd batteries.
When not in use, nickel metal hydride batteries will lose 20% to 50% of their charge within six months due to self-discharge. Several factors such as cell size, construction and storage temperature can impact the self discharge rate. NiMH batteries that have not been used for an extended period of time should be recharged before being put into use to obtain maximum performance.
Smart chargers use microprocessor circuitry to monitor battery parameters such as temperature, voltage and state of charge. This information is used by the charger to determine when to terminate the charge.
This is a low rate charge used to replenish capacity lost due to self-discharge.
It is not recommended since the older NiCd chargers were not designed for the higher capacity NiMH batteries.
Please refer to the back of the charger or the wall plug adapter. If the charger is universal voltage, the input voltage will state 100-240 volts. Eveready® offers several universal voltage chargers. However, Energizer® does not recommend using chargers that are designed for US power (120 volts AC at 60 Hz) in foreign countries that have a different power supply. Using overseas voltage adapters can result in permanent damage to the charger or wall plug adapter.
We recommend that the chargers be unplugged from the wall outlet and the batteries be removed after the charging sequence is complete unless the charger has an on/off switch. This allows the charger to reset prior to the next usage.
NiMH batteries are sensitive to continuous over charge. A smart charger monitors the cell condition during charge and prevents overcharging and subsequent negative impact on battery cycle life.
How many times can I recharge nickel metal hydride batteries? 
In normal use, NiMH batteries can be recharged hundreds of times. Many factors effect cycle life. Some of these factors include depth of discharge, charge and discharge current, method of charge control, storage and operating conditions and shelf life. Typically batteries with a higher mAh capacity will have a lower cycle life than lower mAh capacity batteries.
Refer to the charger instructions. Some chargers will only charge pairs of batteries at a time (2 or 4). If one or three batteries are installed in these chargers, the single battery (not in a pair) will receive no charge.
No, it is recommend that batteries of different capacities not be mixed together. Mixing batteries of different capacities can result in lower than expected performance and reduce cycle life of the lower capacity battery.
Due to their flat discharge profile and recharge ability, it is difficult to define a simple quality check for NiCd or NiMH batteries. For fully charged batteries, a battery tester which measures closed circuit voltage can be used as a general guide to determine if the battery is “good” or “defective”. A voltmeter which measures open circuit voltage is not a reliable method for evaluating rechargeable batteries and is not recommended for this purpose. The most accurate way to measure the performance of rechargeable batteries is to monitor time and operating voltage during controlled discharge.
During charging, the battery will reach a peak voltage near the end of a charge, followed by a slight drop in voltage. Smart chargers are able to detect this voltage drop (-delta V), which will typically range from 5mV to 20mV. Smart chargers stop the charging process when they detect the drop in voltage. Some chargers simply use a timer to control the charge. However, if a fully charged battery is put back in, the timer can reset and give the battery another full charge, resulting in overcharge. Some high-end chargers have back up timers in case the -dV (-delta V) does not work.
Capacity is how much charge a battery can hold often measured in units of mAh. An industry standard test procedure for determining rechargeable battery capacity is used by Energizer®. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) procedure is as follows: Step 1 discharge new cells at 0.2 C to 1 volt. Step 2 Charge cells at 0.1 C for 16 hours. Step 3 rest cells for 1 hour. Step 4 discharge cells at 0.2 C to 1 volt. Battery capacity is determined by the hours of service to 1 volt times the discharge rate (mA x hours = mAh).